Equity Research in Myanmar

Final Application Deadline:  15 September 2022

Program Begins: 02 October 2022

Ethics Education Courses


This program features a blended learning model comprising live virtual webinars and asynchronous learning and  on-demand videos.

Over the course of  9 months, participants will engage in the following topics:

Foundation of Health Equity Research

This module/workshop will introduce the core principles of health equity research and cover topics such as defining health equity, social determinants of health, cultural competence, and examples of health equity research.

# Topic Description Faculty
1.1 Introduction to Concept of Health Equity Introduce the core principles of health equity, discuss cultural competence,  and reduce bias to build community trust. Than-Tun Sein
1.2 Social Justice and Ethical Frameworks for Health Equity Research Describe the ethical frameworks for Health Equity Research Robert Wachbroit
1.3 Social determinants of health: From health disparities to health equity Discuss social context and modifiable risk factors in health disparities.

Describe interventions to address social determinants of health

Than-Tun Sein
1.4 Health Equity Research:   Types of research that addresses Health Equity Achieving Health Equity: Closing The Gaps In Health Care Disparities, Interventions, and Research Henry Silverman


Developing the Research Question for Choosing a Protocol

3.1 Developing the Research Question Literature Review = Research Gap

Development of scientific objectives

Henry Silverman
3.2 Choosing a Research Proposal Use of the FINER criteria Henry Silverman


Research Methods

Qualitative methods are essential in implementation research because they enable an in-depth consideration of the dynamic context of implementation – including institutional structures, stakeholder groups’ interests, and interactions, human-technology interactions, and political, economic, legal, and social conditions.


4.1 Quantitative Research Role of quantitative research in health equity, epidemiological study designs for health equity, biostatistics. Win Han Oo


4.2 Qualitative Research Role of qualitative research in health-related implementation research.

Conducting interviews, focus groups, observations, and mixed methods

Win Han Oo
4.3 Statistical Methods Statistical methods to perform secondary research with existing data
4.3 Research in the digital world Using social and digital methods to conduct research Thin Mar Win



Systemic reviews and meta-analysis


Aspects of secondary research from previously collected data Win Han Oo

Engaging Communities in Research

Encouraging and supporting community participation in generating evidence for improved solutions to health challenges are important in building trust in science through sustained engagement. As such, there is a need for the promotion of community engagement in health research.  Community participation needs to occur at all levels of the research process, including framing the research questions and participation in the development of the study design. This is expected to improve the uptake and implementation of research findings.

5.1 Theory of community-Based Participatory Research Historical and Practice Roots of CBPR

Socio-Economic Framework for CBPR

Kyu Kyu Than
5.2 Best practices in engaging communities Partnership Formation and Maintenance

Power, Trust and Dialogue

Working with Diverse Communities

Kyu Kyu Than
5.3 Identify methods in social epidemiology to utilize in health equity research. Discuss how social epidemiology can be used to inform the development of health equity interventions. Than-Tun Sein
5.4 CBPR Methods I



Intervention Development and Research Design coupled with Community Assessment.  CBPR participation in survey design and interviewer guide. Focus group methodologies Kyu Kyu Tha*


5.5 CBPR Methods II Collaborative Interpretation and application of results. CBPR Capacity and Health Policy Development Kyu Kyu Than


5.6 Types of Implementation Strategies Apply theory and evidence to the design of more effective implementation strategies Win Han Oo


5.7 Ethical issues with engaging communities Ethics Review Committee oversight in research.  Data Sharing, Ownership and Publishing Agreements. Informed Consent Henry Silverman

Strengthening Health Systems to Advance Health Equity

A major obstacle to achieving the health-related equity goals is the weakness of the health systems in many low- and middle-income countries, and their struggle to effectively provide health care to populations in need.  Research has a crucial part to play in strengthening health systems and in improving the equitable distribution of quality health services for populations in need.  The full landscape involves research at the operational, community, and health systems levels.  In this section we cover research to inform health systems to enhance health equity.

6.1 Defining Research to Improve Health Systems Define Health Systems Research

Health policy and systems research (HPSR) to inform and influence health policies and systems

Strengthening health research systems in LMICs

Henry Silverman
6.2 Strategies that can be used to enhance health care utilization to enhance equity


Engaging Health System Leaders and Organizational Stakeholders in Health Equity Research

Discuss principles of knowledge transfer

Using Digital and Social Media to Engage Stakeholders and Disseminate Health Equity Research

Than-Tun Sein


6.3 Ethical considerations for health policy and systems research Describe ethical aspects of health systems research Henry Silverman
Robert Wachbroit


Scientific and Grant Writing

This module will review best practices in scientific writing style, analyze the main genres of research writing, provide many opportunities for participants to revise their own work based on feedback from instructors and each other, and understand best practices in grant writing.

Part I

2.1 What is Scientific Writing & Genres of Scientific Writing Describe the “language” of scientific writing Isabell May, PhD
2.2 The Research Paper (IMRaD Format) Introduction/Methods/Results/Discussion Isabell May, PhD

Part II

7.1 Scientific Writing Principles Review of best practices in scientific communication (e.g., sentence structure, paragraph organization, use of active voice, clear argument, avoiding redundancies) Isabell May, PhD
7.2 Citation Conventions & Avoiding Plagiarism Henry Silverman
7.3 Referencing and use of software (Endnote or Mendeley) Isabell May, PhD


Conduct of a Research Project (April to July)

Participants will receive training to conduct their research.  Participants will choose a research topic during the first few months of the Health Research Equity training followed by the write-up of a proposal.  The aim is for each participant to be ready to conduct the project by April.

Participants are encourage to conduct secondary analysis of an existing data base as it might be time consuming to obtain ethical approval of a project that includes the collection of prospective data.

Each participant will be guided by a mentor and will also receive help from a statistician.

The aim is for participants to publish in a peer-reviewed journal and to use the study findings to foster evidence informed decision-making in public health. .